The Definition Of A Domain Name

Let’s look at us humans. Every human being in this planet earth has a name which is used to identify ourself. This is how the real world works. If you don’t have a name, then you are a ghost reading this page.

So, in the real world we have names. And in the online world, we have domain names. It is a name used to identify a website. Simple.

wordatom.com is an example of a domain name to identify this website that you are reading.

According to a recent report by VeriSign Industry Brief, there are 320 million active domain names at the moment. And the number is growing at a rate of 9 percent per year (that’s 10 – 20 million domain names every year).

The first domain name

The first ever domain name that was registered was in the 15th of March 1985, known as symbolics.com which is owned by Symbolics Inc.

The cost of a domain name

It is priced between $10 to $15 per year.

All domain names are quoted based on yearly registration. In other words, domain names have to be renewed every year to retain ownership.

You can also purchase multiple years of registration at once for a lesser cost compared to per year registration.

What are domain name extensions

A domain name extension is the ending part of the domain name which is also known as top-level domain. For example, the domain name of this website is wordatom.com; the .com is known as the domain name extension. It basically specifies the internet category or a country code.

Here’s a breakdown on all 300 domain name extensions available:

Generic Top-Level Domains (gTLD)

DomainPurpose
.COMGeneric top-level domain
.NETGeneric top-level domain
.INFOGeneric top-level domain
.ORGGeneric top-level domain

Generic-Restricted Top-Level Domains (grTLD)

DomainPurpose
.BIZFor business
.NAMEFor individuals
.PROFor credential professionals and related entities

Sponsored Top-Level Domains (sTLD)

DomainPurpose
.AEROFor members of the air-transport industry
.ASIAFor the Pan-Asia and Asia Pacific community
.CATFor the Catalan linguistic and cultural community
.COOPFor cooperative associations
.EDUFor post secondary institutions accredited by an agency on the U.S. department of Education's list of Nationally Recognised Accrediting Agencies
.GOVFor the United States government
.INTFor registering organisations established by international treaties between governments
.JOBSFor human resource managers
.MILFor the United States military
.MOBIFor consumers and providers of mobile products and services
.MUSEUMFor museums
.TRAVELFor travel industry
.TELFor businesses and individuals to publish contact data

Country Code Top-Level Domains (ccTLD)

DomainPurpose
.ACAscension Island
.ADAndorra
.AEUnited Arab Emirates
.AFAfghanistan
.AGAntiqua and Barbuda
.AIAnguilla
.ALAlbania
.AMArmenia
.ANNetherlands Antilles
.AOAngola
.AQAntartica
.ARArgentina
.ASAmerican Samoa
.ATAustria
.AUAustralia
.AWAruba
.AXAlan Islands
.AZAzerbaijan
.BABosnia and Herzegovina
.BBBarbados
.BDBangladesh
.BEBelgium
.BFBurkina Faso
.BGBulgaria
.BHBahrain
.BIBurundi
.BJBenin
.BLSaint Barthelemy
.BMBermuda
.BNBrunei Darussalam
.BOBolivia
.BRBrazil
.BSBahamas
.BTBhutan
.BVBouvet Island
.BWBotswana
.BYBelarus
.BZBelize
.CACanada
.CCCocos (Keeling) Islands
.CDCongo
.CFCentral African Republic
.CGCongo
.CHSwitzerland
.CICote d'Ivoire
.CKCook Islands
.CLChile
.CMCameroon
.CNChina
.COColombia
.CRCosta Rica
.CUCuba
.CVCape Verde
.CXChristmas Island
.CYCyprus
.CZCzech Republic
.DEGermany
.DJDjibouti
.DKDenmark
.DMDominica
.DODominican Republic
.DZAlgeria
.ECEcuador
.EEEstonia
.EGEgypt
.EHWestern Sahara
.EREritrea
.ESSpain
.ETEthiopia
.EUEuropean Union
.FIFinland
.FJFiji
.FKFalkland Islands (Malvinas)
.FMFederated States of Micronesia
.FOFaroe Islands
.FRFrance
.GAGabon
.GBUnited Kingdom
.GDGrenada
.GEGeorgia
.GFGuiana French
.GGGuernsey
.GHGhana
.GIGibraltar
.GLGreenland
.GMGambia
.GNGuinea
.GPGuadeloupe
.GQEquatorial Guinea
.GRGreece
.GSSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
.GTGuatemala
.GUGuam
.GWGuinea-Bissau
.GYGuyana
.HKHong Kong
.HMHeard Island and Mcdonald Islands
.HNHonduras
.HRCroatia
.HTHaiti
.HUHungary
.IDIndonesia
.IEIreland
.ILIsrael
.IMIsle of Man
.INIndia
.IOBritish Indian Ocean Territory
.IQIraq
.IRIslamic Republic of Iran
.ISIceland
.ITItaly
.JEJersey
.JMJamaica
.JOJordan
.JPJapan
.KEKenya
.KGKyrgyzstan
.KHCambodia
.KIKiribati
.KMComoros
.KNSaint Kitts and Nevis
.KPDemocratic People's Republic of Korea
.KRRepublic of Korea
.KWKuwait
.KYCayman Islands
.KZKazakhstan
.LALao People's Democratic Republic
.LBLebanon
.LCSaint Lucia
.LILiechtenstein
.LKSri Lanka
.LRLiberia
.LSLesotho
.LTLithuania
.LULuxembourg
.LVLatvia
.LYLibyan Arab Jamahiriya
.MAMorocco
.MCMonaco
.MDMoldova
.MEMontenegro
.MFSaint Martin
.MGMadagascar
.MHMarshall Islands
.MKThe Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
.MLMali
.MMMyanmar
.MNMongolia
.MOMacao
.MPNorthern Mariana Islands
.MQMartinique
.MRMauritania
.MSMontserrat
.MTMalta
.MUMauritius
.MVMaldives
.MWMalawi
.MXMexico
.MYMalaysia
.MZMozambique
.NANamibia
.NCNew Caledonia
.NENiger
.NFNorfolk Island
.NGNigeria
.NINicaragua
.NLNetherlands
.NONorway
.NPNepal
.NRNauru
.NUNiue
.NZNew Zealand
.OMOman
.PAPanama
.PEPeru
.PFFrench Polynesia
.PGPapua New Guinea
.PHPhilippines
.PKPakistan
.PLPoland
.PMSaint Pierre and Miquelon
.PNPitcairn
.PRPuerto Rico
.PSOccupied Palestinian Territory
.PTPortugal
.PWPalau
.PYParaguay
.QAQatar
.REReunion
.RORomania
.RSSerbia
.RURussian Federation
.RWRwanda
.SASaudi Arabia
.SBSolomon Islands
.SCSeychelles
.SDSudan
.SESweden
.SGSingapore
.SHSaint Helena
.SISlovenia
.SJSvalbard and Jan Mayen
.SKSlovakia
.SLSierra Leone
.SMSan Marino
.SNSenegal
.SOSomalia
.SRSuriname
.STSao Tome and Principe
.SUSoviet Union
.SVEl Salvador
.SYSyrian Arab Republic
.SZSwaziland
.TCTurks and Caicos Islands
.TDChad
.TFFrench Southern Territories
.TGTogo
.THThailand
.TJTajikistan
.TKTokelau
.TLTimor-Leste
.TMTurkmenistan
.TNTunisia
.TOTonga
.TPPortuguese Timor
.TRTurkey
.TTTrinidad and Tobaga
.TVTuvalu
.TWTaiwan
.TZUnited Republic of Tanzania
.UAUkraine
.UGUganda
.UKUnited Kingdom
.UMUnited States Minor Outlying Islands
.USUnited States
.UYUruguay
.UZUzbekistan
.VAVatican City State
.VCSaint Vincent and the Grenadines
.VEVenezuela
.VGBritish Virgin Islands
.VIU.S. Virgin Islands
.VNVietnam
.VUVanuatu
.WFWallis and Futuna
.WSSamoa
.YEYemen
.YTMayotte
.YUYugoslavia
.ZASouth Africa
.ZMZambia
.ZWZimbabwe

Reserved Top Level Domain Names (rTLD)

DomainPurpose
.TESTFor testing current or new DNS related code
.EXAMPLEFor documentations or for examples
.INVALIDFor online construction of domains that are invalid
.LOCALHOSTReserved to avoid conflicts with traditional use of localhost
.ARPATo support operationally-critical infrastructural identifier spaces as advised by the Internet Architecture Board
.INTFor registering organisations established by international treaties between governments
.测试For testing internationalised domain names
.испытаниеFor testing internationalised domain names
.परीक्षाFor testing internationalised domain names
.טעסטFor testing internationalised domain names
.테스트For testing internationalised domain names
.測試For testing internationalised domain names
.பரிட்சைFor testing internationalised domain names
.آزمایشیFor testing internationalised domain names
.إختبارFor testing internationalised domain names
.テストFor testing internationalised domain names
.δοκιμήFor testing internationalised domain names

What’s the difference between a domain name and a website

Most people tend to think that a domain name and a website are the same but in fact they are two different things.

A domain name is the name of a website and the website is the contents of the domain name. For example, facebook.com is the domain name of the website Facebook. And the contents that you see when you access facebook.com is the website.